Abū Muḥammad ʿAbd Allāh ibn Yūsuf ibn al-Ḥāfiẓ , better known by his regnal name al-ʿĀḍid li-Dīn Allāh (Arabic: العاضد لدين
الله, "Support of God's Faith"), also known as al-Azid and al-Athid, was the fourteenth and last Caliph of the Fatimid dynasty,
reigning from 1160 to 1171.
Husayn (Hussein) bin Ali, GCB (Arabic: الحسين بن علي الهاشمي, al-Ḥusayn ibn ‘Alī al-Hāshimī; 1854 – 4 June 1931) was the Sharif and Emir of Mecca from
1908 until 1917, when he proclaimed himself and was internationally recognized as King of the Kingdom of Hejaz.
Third magistrate attested in Athens in 118/117 BC: See M. Thompson, The New Style Silver Coinage of Athens (1961) nos. 585-586,
588 / issue 47 (p. 565); C. Habicht, Zu den Münzmagistraten der Silberprägung des Neuen Stils, Chiron 21, 1991, p. 5 (118/117
BC); Prosopographia Attica 5285; P. M. Fraser – E. Matthews, A Lexicon of Greek Personal Names II Attica (1994) p. 163 s.
v. Eubios, no. 5; W. Leschhorn, Lexikon der Aufschriften auf griechischen Münzen II (2009) p. 499 s. v. Eubios.
Al Mukalla (Arabic: المكلا Al Mukallā) is a main sea port and the capital city of the Hadhramaut coastal region in Yemen
in the southern part of Arabia on the Gulf of Aden close to the Arabian Sea. It is located 480 km (300 mi) east of Aden and
is the most important port in the Governorate of Hadramaut, the largest governorate in Yemen.
The Acarnanian League was the tribal confederation, and later a fully-fledged federation (koinon), of the Acarnanians in Classical,
Hellenistic, and early Roman-era Greece. The league was founded in the 5th century B.C., but continued even after Roman intervention
in Greece in 146. It was finally dissolved and incorporated into the Roman province of Achaea after the Battle of Actium in
The Academic Coin Cabinet of the University of Rostock was founded in the year 1794, at the instigation of the outstanding
orientalist Oluf Gerhard Tychsen (1734–1815) and the Grand Duke of Mecklenburg-Schwerin, Friedrich Franz II. Thanks to the
legacy built by Tychsen, complemented with numerous later acquisitions, Baron Erhard von Nettelbladt (1792–1663), responsible
for the Cabinet as the librarian of the University, was able to enlarge the collection from 6’500 to no less than 27’000 entries.
Several inventory settlements and many losses caused by World War II resulted in the dissolution of the Coin Cabinet in 1944.
Consequently, the section containing the Ancient, Byzantine and Oriental coins, as well as a number of modern coins, were
assigned to the corpus of the Archaeological Collection of Rostock University.
The Archaeological Collection of Rostock University has its seat at the Heinrich-Schliemann-Institute for Ancient Studies.
It can be described as a typical academic research and study collection, mostly used for academic teaching. Moreover, there
are permanent exhibition rooms, opened to the public once per week. Apart from the coins, the collection contains archaeological
objects of the Egyptian, Greek and Roman periods, as well as a number of plaster casts of Greek and Roman sculptures. In 2008
the collection was significantly increased, as the inventory of the Collection of Antiquities of Greifswald University was
added, which by that time was given over as a permanent loan.
To date, the collection of coins consists of c. 4’000 Ancient and Byzantine, c. 800 Oriental and c. 4’500 modern coins and
medals. In addition, there is a small but rather important collection of fish glue casts taken in the time of Tychsen from
a number of Islamic coins. A small part of the coin collection is integrated into the permanent collection open to the public.
The coins kept in the deposit are mainly used for academic teaching. They offer the opportunity to learn and practice the
methods of numismatics by using original objects. Furthermore, the coins are regularly used in the context of workshops held
by the working group ‘School & Museum’.
Up to date, only the Roman and Byzantine coins have been investigated scientifically. These coins were published by Silke
Burmeister in 1999. Since 2019 we are adding, to begin with, the data of c. 900 Greek and Roman coins to the NUMiD database.
More will follow.
The core holdings of the coin cabinet of the Mainz City Archives are based on the coin cabinet of the old electoral university
founded in 1784, which was transferred into the possession of the city by order of Emperor Napoleon in 1804 after the decline
of the electoral state. In 1919, in recognition of the need for adequate care, Dr Wilhelm Diepenbach was appointed for the
first time as a scientist with exclusive responsibility for the archive and the coin cabinet. The personnel and institutional
connection between the Coin Cabinet and the Archive that has existed since then was maintained even after 1980, when the City
Archive became an independent office. In total, the Coin Cabinet contains about 18,000 pieces. The main focus is on over 7,500
coins from Mainz and the other Electoral Mainz mints from the Merovingian period to the end of the Electorate of Mainz, including
medals on the Archbishops of Mainz and other personalities. In addition, there is an important antique section with 6,000
Roman and 700 Greek coins. The cabinet can be used for university teaching and is also open to anyone interested in specific
research projects by appointment.
Timotheus (in Greek Tιμoθεoς, Timotheos; died 338 BC) was son of Clearchus I, the tyrant of Heracleia on the Euxine (Black
Sea). After the death of his father in 353 BC, he succeeded to the sovereignty, under the guardianship, at first, of his uncle
Satyrus, and held the rule for fifteen years.
The medieval and modern mint(s) in Palermo, Sicily, Italy. After numerous coins had already been minted in Palermo in ancient
times, Palermo housed the main mint of Sicily from Aghlabid times until the early Hohenstaufen period. In the 1370s and again
in the 1450s, Palermo has minted only episodically, before from 1679, with the closure of Messina, Palermo became the only
Sicilian mint, active until 1816 (F. D'Angelo, Palermo. In: L. Travaini (ed.), Le zecche italiane fino all'unità (Roma 2011),
pp. 967-971). For the mints "Balarm", "Madinat Siqilliyah" or "Siqilliyah" on Arabo-Sicilian coins, see these specific nomisma
The stated mint "Madinat Siqilliyah" is located in medieval Palermo, a city on the island of Sicily, Italy. For other instances
of the Palermo mint, see the IDs "Madinat Siqilliyah", "Balarm" and "Palermo".
In ancient Roman religion and myth, the Parcae (singular, Parca) were the female personifications of destiny who directed
the lives (and deaths) of humans and gods. They are often called the Fates in English, and their Greek equivalent were the
In Greco-Roman mythology, Aeneas was a Trojan hero, the son of the Trojan prince Anchises and the Greek goddess Aphrodite
(equivalent to the Roman Venus). In Roman mythology, Aeneas is cast as the ancestor of Romulus and Remus.
Anubis, also known as Inpu, Inpw, Jnpw, or Anpu in Ancient Egyptian is the god of death, mummification, embalming, the afterlife,
cemeteries, tombs, and the Underworld, in ancient Egyptian religion, usually depicted as a canine or a man with a canine head.
Anchises was a member of the royal family of Troy in Greek and Roman legend. He was said to have been the son of King Capys
of Dardania and Themiste, daughter of Ilus, who was son of Tros. He is most famous as the father of Aeneas and for his treatment
in Virgil's Aeneid.
In ancient Roman religion, Annona (Latin annōna “corn, grain; means of subsistence”, from annus "year") is the divine personification
of the grain supply to the city of Rome. She is closely connected to the goddess Ceres, with whom she is often depicted in
Ascanius (said to have reigned 1176-1138 BC) was a legendary king of Alba Longa and is the son of the Trojan hero Aeneas and
Creusa, daughter of Priam. Also known as Julus, he is the legendary founder of the Julii gens.
Athena or Athene, often given the epithet Pallas, is an ancient Greek goddess associated with wisdom, handicraft, and warfare
who was later syncretized with the Roman goddess Minerva. Athena was regarded as the patron and protectress of various cities
across Greece, particularly the city of Athens, from which she most likely received her name. She's usually shown in art wearing
a helmet and holding a spear. Her major symbols include owls, olive trees, snakes, and the Gorgoneion.
Charybdis is a sea monster in Greek mythology. She, with the sea monster Scylla, appears as a challenge to epic characters
such as Odysseus, Jason, and Aeneas. Scholarship locates her in the Strait of Messina.